1.Motherland and origin.
As it turns out, sushi first appeared not in Japan, but in ancient China. It was used not as a dish, but as a method of preserving fish. Fresh fish was sprinkled with a mixture of salt and rice and sent under pressure. A few weeks later, the press was replaced with a lid, and the fish lay like that for several more months. But then it could be safely eaten for a year. By the way, the Chinese character for sushi means "pickled fish". Through Thailand and China, the method of preservation reached Japan: it was here in the 19th century that one of the chefs decided to abandon the pickling of fish and serve it raw. The most popular types of rolls in the world are California and Philadelphia. By the way, they were invented not in Japan, but in the USA. From here came the American name of the rolls - by the name of the states.
An interesting fact: In the 20th century, a real gastronomic revolution took place in America. Americans bought sushi and rolls even more than the popular drink Coca-Cola. And home delivery of sushi was ordered more often than the favorite pizza in the USA.
2.You can’t eat ginger with rolls
Few people know that sushi is eaten only with sauces. The gourmets were supposed to enjoy the taste of natural products. Putting a piece of pickled ginger in your mouth at the same time as rolls or sushi is not etiquette. Its strong taste and aroma will not let you fully enjoy the treat. Ginger is meant to "cleanse" the taste between two pieces of sushi.
3.Sushi is a man's job
Until recently, women were banned from being sushi chefs because it was believed that their hair oil and makeup could change the taste and smell of sushi. Women also have a higher body temperature (especially during menstruation). It was believed that their warm hands would spoil the cold fish.
4.Sushi as an aphrodisiac
Sushi is commonly regarded as an aphrodisiac because the two most commonly found fish species, salmon and mackerel, are known for their high content of omega-3 fatty acids, which help in the production of stimulant hormones. In addition, tuna is a source of selenium, which helps to increase the amount of sperm.
5.Don't just use soy sauce
There are many rules of etiquette associated with soy sauce in Japan. Here are just a few of them. Leaving a muddy puddle of soy sauce with rice floating in it after a meal is bad form. To enjoy sushi in the right way, pour the minimum amount of soy sauce into a cup and refill as needed. Keeping rolls in sauce until they fall apart is also against the rules. And in general, by excessive use of soy sauce, you are hinting that the fish is old. Better not offend the sous chef. Rolls filled with caviar or already covered in sweet or spicy sauce (such as many varieties of eel rolls) should not be dipped in soy sauce at all. It is assumed that they already have enough seasoning.
Shrimps for sushi are delivered to restaurants frozen in a single piece of ice. This is done to keep their shape and attractive appearance.
7."The Remains of the Buddha"
Rice for sushi is called «sumeshi» (rice flavored vinegar) or «shari». Shari literally means "the remains of the Buddha" because the very white color of the rice reminded people of the remains of the Buddha.
Made a splash in the USA restaurant world rolls called "GlowingSushi". They glow in the dark, which was achieved thanks to the filling of genetically modified fish. They brought out this type to determine the level of water pollution, but they began to use much more widely than planned.
9.Machines for making rolls.
The Japanese and residents of Asian countries use rolls in large quantities. To the aid of the chefs came automatic machines for cooking rolls. Seaweed, stuffing and rice are filled in them; in their form and composition, delicacies do not differ in any way.
A more pleasant innovation among fillings for sushi and rolls is yellowtail meat or Japanese yellowtail. However, there are some oddities here too. The fact is that this fish is specially fattened in such a way that it has grown as much subcutaneous fat as possible. In some cases, they can't even move. These are the rolls with fatty fish.